Land use Change Detection using Remote Sensing and GIS in Rivers State; Eleme LGA
Wokocha C.C, Wuche G.E.A
DOI : 10.36344/ccijavs.2020.v02i10.001 | Cross Current Int J Agri Vet Sci; 2020, 2(10): 56-61
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Abstract: The study examined the landuse change using GIS and remote sensing in the northern part of Eleme Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria. Landsat Tm of 1986, 1999 and landsat ETM of 2015 of 30m x 30m resolution were used for the landuse change analysis. Supervised classification was used to classify the imagery into major landuse of thick vegetation, built up area, swamp forest, farmland/sparse vegetation and waterbodies. Normalized Diffrence Vegetation Index (NDVI) was used to measure the status of vegetation health and classify the entire area into less/not vegetation landuse (LNV) and highly vegetation (HV) landuse. The entire study area was gridded into 10m x10m quadrat whereby 7 quadrats were randomly in LNV and 6 quadrats in HV. Findings revealed that thick vegetation reduced by 129.87% while built up area increased by 468.11% between 1986 and 2015. LNV covered 10.46 km2, 12.02 km2 and 17.89 km2 while HV covered 22.44 km2, 20.88 km2 and 15.01 km2 in 1986, 1999 and 2015 respectively.
The Beneficial Effect of Biofertilizer Together with Ascorbic Acid on Roselle Plants Grown Below Different Kinds of Soil
Samir S.I. Ghabour, Saad, A. Mohamed, Sawsan, A. Saif El-Yazal, Hasan M.H. Moawad
DOI : 10.36344/ccijavs.2020.v02i09.001 | Cross Current Int J Agri Vet Sci; 2020, 2(9): 47-55
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This study was conducted to evaluate the impact of bio fertilizers namely, Azotobacterine (Azotobacter chroococcum) and phosphorein (Bacillus polymyxa) and mineral N, P and K fertilizers at the rates of 25, 50 and 100% for each fertilizer (from the doses recommended by Ministry of Agriculture) as well as ascorbic acid at the rate of 400 ppm on growth (plant height, number of branches and herb fresh and dry weights/plant), yield (dry weight of sepales/plant and feddan and weight of seeds/plant and feddan) of roselle plants (Hibiscus sabdariffa, L.) under different soils (clay soil at Dar El-Ramad farm, sandy loam and saline loamy sand soil at Demo farm, Faculty of Agriculture) at El-Fayoum governorate conditions. The data obtained showed that, bio and mineral (NPK) fertilizers increased the above characters of roselle plants under different soils of experiment. The maximum increase of these characters was obtained by the treatment clay soil × 100% NPK + biofertilizers × 400 ppm ascorbic acid, followed by clay soil × 50% NPK + biofertilizers × 400 ppm ascorbic acid as compared to saline loamy sand soil × non fertilizer × zero ascorbic acid treatment, although, the differences between these treatments and mineral fertilizer at the rate of 100% NPK alone were insignificantly. Therefore, it is economically and environmentally recommended to inoculate roselle seeds with mixture of Azotobacter + Bacillus and fertilize these inoculated plants with 50% plus 400 ppm ascorbic acid improve the vegetative growth and augment the yield components of roselle plants under clay soil with spraying 400 ppm of ascorbic acid were obtained the best results of this work study.
Bio-efficacy of selected insecticides against pink bollworm in Bt cotton
Varia, M. V, Bharadiya, A. M, Kaneria, P. B, Vaddoria, M. A
DOI : 10.36344/ccijavs.2020.v02i08.001 | Cross Current Int J Agri Vet Sci, 2020; 2(8): 40-46
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The field experiment was carried out at the Cotton research Station, Junagadh Agriculture University, Junagadh during Kharif-2015-16, 2016-17 and 2017-18. The results of experiment were revealed that all the nine insecticidal treatments were found significantly superior to untreated control in reducing the larval population in cotton. The significantly lowest larval population was recorded in plots treated with Lambda cyhalothrin 2.5 EC 0.0025% (1.34 larvae) and Deltamethrin 2.8 EC 0.0028% (1.52 larvae). These two insecticidal treatments were significantly superior to rest of the tested insecticides. While in case of green boll damage, the lowest boll damage was found in Lambda cyhalothrin 2.5 EC 0.0025% (4.2%) and Deltamethrin 2.8 EC 0.0028% (4.9%) and there was a significant difference in damage to open bolls and locule at harvest among treatments. The lowest open bolls and locule damage was recorded in Lambda cyhalothrin 2.5 EC (19.07%) and Deltamethrin 2.8 EC (21.28%). The highest seed cotton yield was recorded in Lambda cyhalothrin 2.5 EC 0.0025% (2337 kg/ha) and Deltamethrin 2.8 EC 0.0028% (2296 kg/ha). The present study suggests that the Lambda cyhalothrin 2.5 EC 0.0025% and Deltamethrin 2.8 EC 0.0028% could effectively reduce pink bollworm infestation and lead to
improve productivity of Bt cotton.
Study of Correlation, Heritability and Genetic Advance in Pearl Millet
Saeeda Khanum, Muhammad Siddique, Naveed Kamal and Bilqees Khanam
DOI : 10.36344/ccijavs.2020.v02i07.002 | Cross Current Int J Agri Vet Sci, 2020; 2(7): 36-39
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The present investigation was carried out to explore the genetic diversity of five Pearl millet genotypes: MGP-02, MGP-09, MG-P74, MGP-104 and MGP-117 for grain yield, days to 50% flowering, plat height, number of nodes, panicle length and panicle girth. Grain yield showed positive and significant/highly significant correlation with panicle length panicle girth, number of nodes and plant height indicating that grain yield can be boost up by improving these characters through phenotypic selection. Further, high PCV and GCV for the traits studied also suggested that theses parameters can be genetically improved through phenotypic selection in the subsequent generations. Comparatively higher heritability along with high genetic advance for grain yield, plant height and panicle length pointed out that these agronomic characteristics were controlled by additive genes and hence can be improved by gene pyramiding through visual recurrent selection from advanced generations.
Combining Ability Analysis in A 5x5 Diallel Cross of Maize Inbred Lines
Naveed Kamal, Muhammad Siddique, Saeeda Khanum and Muhammad Arshad
DOI : 10.36344/ccijavs.2020.v02i07.001 | Cross Current Int J Agri Vet Sci, 2020; 2(7): 32-35
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A complete diallel cross between five maize inbred lines viz; Elp-326, Elp-433, Elp-612, Elp-326 and Elp-780 was used to determine the genetic behavior of grain yield, days to 50% tasseling, days to 50% silking, plant height, cob height and cob girth during growing seasons 2018 and 2019. Analysis of variances was carried out for all the parameters following (Steel, R.G.D., & Torrie, J.H. 1980) technique which revealed highly significant differences for all the traits studied. The analyses of GCA and SCA were carried out using (Griffing, B. 1956) technique, Method I, Model II. Both GCA and SCA mean squares were highly significant for all the traits indicating the involvement of additive as well as non additive gene interactions in the expression of these traits. SCA mean squares and variances were larger than those of GCA mean squares and variances which suggested that non additive genes had major role in the inheritance of grain yield and its related characters under study. Elp-433 was found the best general combiner for all the parameters. Elp-426, Elp-326 were good general combiners for grain yield only. Elp-326 x Elp-780 and Elp-426 x Elp-433 were best combinations for grain yield and most of its components. The crosses Elp-780 x Elp-433, Elp-780 x Elp-426, Elp-780 x Elp-433, Elp-326 x Elp-433, Elp-612 x Elp-426 and Elp-326 x Elp-612 having higher reciprocal effects pointed out that partial role of cytoplasmic inheritance cannot be ruled out in controlling the physiology of these traits.
A case of FMD in a Bos taurus (Jersy Cow) dealt with Homoeopathy, Antipyretics & Supplements
Dr. Tridibesh Tripathy, Dr. Umakant Prusty, Dr. Chitamani Nayak and Sovesh Chandra Tripathy
DOI : 10.36344/ccijavs.2020.v02i06.002 | Cross Current Int J Agri Vet Sci, 2020; 2(6): 27-31
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Any layman knows about (‘Muh Paka Khur Paka’), the Hindi language version of the Foot & Mouth Disease (FMD) but they do not realize its contagiousness & fatal nature among live-stocks especially among milch cows. There is prevention of FMD through a vaccine but there is no treatment in veterinary science. The current case is a case of FMD in a Jersy cow or Bos Taurus as they are scientifically called aged 4 years with a 4 months-old calf weighing about 120 kilograms. FMD has been managed traditionally by use of natural soda ash solution for washing the lesions while some communities have applied honey & finger millet flour to the lesions (Gakuya, D. W. et al 2011). These traditional medicines were also reported earlier (Molan, P.C. 1992; Molan, P.C. 2001; & Hegde, P. S). In India, farmers usually make soft fodder & astringents for the suffering animal as a cure. The case describes the effectiveness of Homoeopathic medicines against the FMD virus thereby depicting that Homoeopathy is not only effective for humans but also in veterinary sciences. The article describes the case as it evolved while detailing out the treatment or care given to the cattle during a fortnight period.The article is an effort to disseminate the message among the veterinary professionals & care taker of the Cattles so that all the cases follow a pluralistic approach where the preventive & supportive methods of veterinary science is complemented with the curative methods of Homoeopathy.
Possibility of Hydroponics Technique for Crops Cultivation
Pooja Kaintura, Bharti Ramola, Neha Rani Kamboj, Kanika Tyagi and Poonam Negi
DOI : 10.36344/ccijavs.2020.v02i06.001 | Cross Current Int J Agri Vet Sci, 2020; 2(6): 22-26
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Hydroponics is a popular technique of growing crops in nutrient solution with using any soil based growing medium under precise climatic controlled condition. It has tremendous possibility for revolutionizing agriculture system not only in developed counties but in also in developing countries. Hydroponics system also exhibit better growth of plants as compared to crop cultivation done following the conventional system of cultivation. Moreover as the hydroponic system is done in controlled conditions, so it is possible to practice cultivation throughout the year irrespective of prevailing outdoor condition. In recent times, hydroponic vegetable production system is getting popularity in urban area where it has been adapted by many progressive growers. Still implementation of the hydroponic system by regular grower has some challenges as limited study has been done to evaluated quality of water on growth of plants in hydroponics. This study demonstrates possibility of the application of hydroponic system for farming. Hydroponics is futuristic system of agriculture as it makes it possible to cultivate crop on nutrient solution. It has tremendous possibility to be explored in areas where soil is severely affected and is not suitable for agriculture. It is also a boon for urban areas, where land availability for agriculture purpose is very limited. With proper understanding and standardization of hydroponic system it can be effectively used for sustainable agriculture.